Bacamfruit is an agricultural cooperative that operates in the territory of the Plain of Sibari,
especially in Corigliano Calabro. Unique area suitable for citrus fruits cultivation, microclimate,
soil conditions, nearly a century of experience in the cultivation of citrus fruits, passed down
from generation to generation among the local people.
The objectives of the cooperative Bacam Fruit are governed by the principles of mutuality between members;
It plays mainly activities for the interests of members, consumers and goods;
It avails itself, in carrying out its tasks, of the members’ work;
It avails itself, in carrying out its tasks for the supply of goods by individual members;
The cooperative's goal is to coordinate all efforts of individual members in order to obtain always a better product.
The cooperative proposes:
- Conservation of agricultural products
The “clementina” (Citrus clementina) is a citrus fruit derived from the hybridization of mandarin and orange, the most famous kind of “mandarancio”. It seems that the first hybrids have been created in Algeria, but there are not information about who made these. According to some sources, the hybridize would have been made casually, in the 1940s, by father Clément Rodier of Missergin’s convent in Orano. Other sources reported that the hybridize has been made some decades before by the priest, Pierre Clément, so some doubts remain about which Clément really made this fruit.
Moreover, the “clementina”’s origins are more ancient and the fruit came from China and Japan; the Algerian priest just imported it to Mediterranean Sea.
After the XX century, it was immediately clear that the first hybridize was a new kind of citrus, because its features showed no changes during time and the cultivation revealed no problems.
In fact, after years of experimentation, the fruits maintained the first hybrid’s features and the customers’ demand increased. From 1940 the citrus fruits are permanently on the Italian market and now they are the most sold after oranges.
The clementine tree is very similar to that of mandarin, although grafting on bitter orange tree. Flowers and fruits grown slowly and irregularly as very sensitive to temperature changes. You have only one annual harvest between November and January. The fruit resembles the mandarin: the main differences are to be found in the color of orange pulp. Also it is never flattened like mandarins, but always well rounded. As the mandarin, you can peel and divide it into segments easily. The taste is rather more similar to orange, with a perfect balance between sour and sweet.
The Italian production of clementines is around 550,000 tons, of which 66% is produced in Calabria, about 363.00 tons. The plain of Sibari dedicates to the cultivation of clementines 10,000 hectares, with about 250,000 tons, distributed among approximately 6,000 companies that counts altogether about 3,000 employees.
In Calabria, surrounded by Ionio Sea, the mountains of Sila and Pollino, there is Sibari, the most large Calabrian plain.
It is extended on an area of 200 kmq, made by Crati and Coscile’s sediments. The evidences came from different areas of Sibaritide, assure that this land was inhabited by the man of the Age of Bronze (XI century a.C.), then by the Iron Age’s one (IX century a.C.), and by Indo-European populations: Italians, Greeks and Latins. Its name derives from the Greek city of Sybaris, one of the first Greek colonies in Italy, founded by Achei and Trezenii in VII century a. C. It became a merchant power soon as the mean of Greek-Etruscan exchanges.
Exaggerated refinement and frivolity of the population became legendary (here the origin of the term “Sibaritico”), until 510 a.C. when rival Crotone destroyed it. The peoples who inhabited: the Enori before and the Bruzi then were dedicated primarily to agricultural production activities (they were famous for the cultivation of grapes), sheep farming, but also crafts and trade. This corner of Calabria, dominated for centuries by the latifundia in today's post war (1945-1950), has entered a period of intense economic and social renewal, which made it one of the most prosperous areas not only of Calabria, but of the entire south Italy. A major impact in this sense, not only economically but also socially can be attributed both to the Opera Sila, in the 50s, both after the partial reform and with the emergence of small and medium rural properties. The most significant reclamation was the exploitation, by the construction of a small dam, of the river Crati.
Example of one of the few works by collecting water in the South, the plain of Sibari is covered by a network of pipes formed by canals that run on the surface and by underground pipes. A large expanse of green aims to the traveler who follows the Mount Pollino from the “autostrada del Sole” to the Ionian Sea.
The land is worked diligently and carefully cultivated. After leaving the highway follow the streets that divide the fields, it's for you our share of wealth and the scent of citrus. Citrus cultivation produces wealth and redistribute itself. The plain enlivens before the dawn, working before the heat becomes stifling and push us to the sea. Now the people of the plain of Sibari do not emigrate, but instead welcome workers from the nearby mountains; who gets a job in cultivating fields, who at the time of collection or in the packaging of citrus, who in the transformation. The Sibaritide is then a reformed land, where early cereal crops and livestock became popular, which subsequently developed citrus plants thanks to farmers, following the creation of drains.